Adaptability is the ability to monitor, assess, respond, recover, and renew following known and unknown disturbances and other change (Resilience Alliance 2007).
Adaptation is adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities (Parry et al. 2007, 869).
Adaptive capacity is the property of a system to adjust its characteristics or behaviour, in order to expand its coping range under existing climate variability, or future climate conditions.
Response capacity is the ability to manage both the causes and the consequences of climate change (that is, to mitigate greenhouse emissions and adapt to climate change and variability) (Tompkins & Adger 2005).
Resilience Alliance. (2007). Assessing and Managing Resilience in Social-ecological Systems: A Practitioners Workbook (Version 1.0), available http://wiki.resalliance.org/index.php/Main_Page .
Parry, M. L., Canziani, O. F., Palutikof, J. P., van der Linden, P. J., & Hanson, C. E. (Eds.). (2007). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment
Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Tompkins, E. L., & Adger, W. N. (2005). Defining response capacity to enhance climate change policy. Environmental Science & Policy 8, 562–571.< Back